Declaration of Independence

Joan Howe contributed this transcription of the Lansingburgh Declaration of Independence, from the book Troy and Rensselaer County, New York by Rutherford Hayner, 1925, pages 168-169.

The following patriotic document, on record in the archives of Lansingburgh, shows the frame of mind of the people of this territory at the opening of the Revolutionary struggle:

A general association agreed to and subscribed by the Freemen, Freeholders and Inhabitants of the town of Lansingburgh and Patent of Stone Arabia.

Persuaded that the salvation of the rights and liberties of America depends, under God, on the firm union of its inhabitants in a vigorous prosecution of the measures necessary for its safety; and convinced of the necessity of preventing the anarchy and confusion which attend a dissolution of the powers of government, we, the Freemen, Freeholders and Inhabitants of the town of Lansingburgh and Patent of Stone Arabia, being greatly alarmed at the avowed design of the British ministry to raise a revenue in America, and shocked by the bloody scenes now acting in Massachusetts Bay government, in the most solemn manner~

Resolve never to become slaves, and do associate ourselves, under all the ties of religion, honor and love to our country, to adopt and endeavor to carry into execution whatever measures may be recommended by the Continental Congress or resolved by our Provisional Convention for the purpose of preserving our Constitution and opposing the execution of the several arbitrary and oppressive acts of the British Parliament, until a reconciliation between Great Britain and America on Constitutional principles can be obtained, than which we wish for nothing more ardently; and we do hereby covenant, promise and agree that we will in all things follow the advice of our general committee respecting the purpose aforesaid, the preservation of peace, good order and safety of the individuals and private property.

The above document is signed by the members of the association, the majority of whom proved their patriotism by serving in the militia during the Revolutionary War. The paper bears the signatures of:

Bacon, Joseph
Barber, John
Boggs, James
Boyd, Alexander
Brown, Justus
Brown, Pennell
Bruster, Edward
Bruster, Samuel
Burns, Samuel
Clark, John
Conklin, William
Cook, Thomas
Dunbar, John
Fine, John
French, Benjamin
French, Gershom
Griswold, Ephraim
Higgins, Samuel
Hogle, Francis
Houseworth, Michael
Jones, Joseph
Lane, Gerry
Lansing, Abraham Jacob
Lansingh, Jacob A.
Lansingh (Lansing), Levinus
Layten, David
Leverse, Levinus
Marvin, Stephen
Nichols, William
Ouderkirk, Abraham
Pollock, Henry
Rose, Josiah
Selkirk, James
Severs, Jonathan
Shaw, Daniel
Sloan, John
Sniffington, John
Ten Eyck, Abraham
Thomkins, William
Tillman, Christopher
Toneray, Daniel

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Debby Masterson

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